Jinan: a veritable city of Springs

Updated : 2018-05-15

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Baotu Spring of Jinan, Shandong province. [Photo provided to chinadaily.com.cn]

It is the symbol of Jinan and it is also one of the three iconic scenic spots in the city, alongside Qianfo Mountain and Daming Lake.

The Baotu Spring is the most renowned spring among the 72 named artesian springs in the downtown area of the city and is also known as the First Spring in China.

The spring is a culturally significant artesian karst spring. After visiting the spring, Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) praised it as the "Number One Spring under the Heaven".

The Baotu Spring is part of a cluster of approximately 20 named springs.

The spring pool of the Baotu Spring is fed by underground limestone water through three outlets; the volume of the water coming out of the spring can reach peak values up to 1.6 cubic meters per second. The water jets from the spring are said to have reached up to 26 meters.

The water temperature in the spring remains constant at 18 degrees Celsius through the entire year. In cold winters, just like clouds, the water mist rises and floats over the spring pool.

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