Jinan: a veritable city of Springs
Updated : 2018-05-15Print Print
Quancheng Square in Jinan, Shandong province [Photo provided to chinadaily.com.cn]
Facing the Yellow River to the north and bordering Mount Tai to the south, Jinan, capital of Shandong province is located between a zone of uplands and plains, with a variety of natural resources and beautiful landscapes.
The city has long been hailed as Quancheng (City of Springs), with more than 800 natural artesian springs dotting its landscape and boasting natural beauty.
The water of all these springs originates from an Ordovician karst aquifer under the city.
As the terrain around Jinan slopes from the south to the north, the recharge area for the aquifer is located in the mountainous area to the south of the city. The recharge area of the springs covers 1,500 square kilometers, out of which 550 sq km provide direct recharge and 950 provide indirect recharge.
Altogether, the springs fed by the aquifer have a discharge of about 300,000-350,000 cubic meters per day.
Zeng Gong, a noted poet in the Song Dynasty (420-479) commented on the Qi State - one name for the region in ancient times - as "crowned the world with springs".
In the old neighborhood alone there are more than 140 springs, including the renowned ones gracefully named as Baotu, Black Tiger and Pearl springs, as well as the Five-Dragon Pool.
Springs has instilled spirit into the city with more than 4,000 years of history.